Promoting research activities in simulation centers to Improve patient safety

  • Usman Mahboob Editor Advances in Health Professions Education (AHPE)


There are many issues around patient safety that need to be addressed in the Pakistani healthcare system. Most of these issues arise because the healthcare professionals are not properly trained in the technical and non-technical skills. The technical skills include examining a patient, measuring blood pressure, listening to the heart sounds, passing the intravenous (IV) cannula line, passing urinary catheter, delivering a baby, etc. The non-technical or soft skills include communication skills, taking an informed consent for surgery or invasive procedure, breaking a bad news, and professionalism of healthcare professionals. The development of these skills is a neglected area in the medical education system of Pakistan. Moreover, there are limited facilities to develop these skills in our healthcare professionals. These skills can be improved for patient safety through simulation- based training, thus producing safe doctors, and other healthcare professionals.


Papadakis, M. A., Hodgson, C. S., Teherani, A. & Kohatsu, N. D. 2004.

Unprofessional behavior in medical school is associated with subsequent

disciplinary action by a state medical board. Acad Med.79:244-249.

Gaba, D. M. 2004. The future vision of simulation in health care. Quality and Safety in Health Care.13, i2-i10.

Corvetto, M., Bravo, M. P., Montaña, R., Utili, F., Escudero, E., Boza, C.,

Varas, J. & Dagnino, J. 2013. Simulation in medical education: a synopsis.

Chilean medical journal, 141, 70-79.

Collins, J. P. & Harden, R. M. 1998. AMEE Medical Education Guide No. 13: real patients, simulated patients and simulators in clinical examinations.

Med Teach.20, 508-521.

Miller, G. E. 1990. The assessment of clinical skills/competence/performance. Acad Med. 65, S63-7.

Chandratilake, M., Mcaleer, S. & Gibson, J. 2012. Cultural similarities and

differences in medical professionalism: a multi-region study. Med Educ.

, 257-266.